Thirteen of the world’s 18 penguin species have been recorded in the New Zealand region, including the Ross Dependency (the part of Antarctica that we claim). Nine of these species breed here, including the hoiho (yellow eyed), tawaki (Fiordland crested) and kororā (little penguin) on the mainland. The Snares crested penguin is only found on Snares Islands where they nest in dense colonies under forest.
Black and white is synonymous with penguins, but they can be more colourful. With species sporting yellow eyes, patches and crest feathers and orange bills. The little penguin, the smallest species, goes its own way and is blue.