Penguins are fascinating creatures that capture the hearts of people all over the world, and New Zealand (including the Ross Dependency) is home to 13 our of 18 species of penguins.
This includes a number found nowhere else.
Here are some things you might not know about New Zealand’s penguins, including some of places you can observe them.
1. At home in New Zealand
Three penguin species breed, and can be seen, on the New Zealand mainland, hoiho (yellow eyed), tawaki (Fiordland crested) and kororā (little penguin).
2. One of the rarest penguins
The yellow-eyed penguin is one of the rarest penguin species in the world, with only around 4,000 individuals remaining in the wild.
Yellow-eyed penguins can be found on the south-eastern coastline of the South Island, Stewart Island and the Sub-antarctic Auckland and Campbell Islands. The easiest place to spot them is the Otago Peninsula, home to their only mainland breeding colony.
4. Yellow eyes
Hoiho get their English name from their distinctive yellow eyes and the yellow band of feathers that runs from their eyes to the back of their heads as can be seen in the photo above.